17 April 2020 | ACCESS to data has become inevitable in overcoming the impact of COVID-19 pandemic, both for local and national government. However, local governments still face difficulties in obtaining the information, let alone supplying them to government of national level. Through virtual discussion, UCLG ASPAC bridged communication between Indonesian cities and National Disaster Management Authority on the roles played out at local level. This discussion was attended by Mayor Tri Rismaharini of Surabaya, President of UCLG ASPAC; Dr. Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi, Secretary General of UCLG ASPAC, and enriched by participation of city representatives.
Opening the discussion, Mayor Tri Rismaharini of Surabaya shared that her city utilised tracking method. Once infected patient identified, they will track down identity of the patient’s family, in order to predict the next person to be tested further. Besides, Surabaya also tracks down infection channel and blocks the surrounding access. Mayor Tri Rismaharini also mentioned challenge faced by the city when implementing this is providing food for local people within the blocked area.
Dr. Raditya Jati of National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) shared that data from local level are needed. He mentioned that providing call centre operating 24 hours with expanded extensions for social needs and integrated with smart city platform can be one alternative. He also mentioned that synergy and (data) calculation are key actions to be taken up to recovery stage. In regards to this, he shared that BNPB has provided dashboard for analysis and collaboration, such as Ministry of Home Affairs.
Mr. Thomas Umbu Pati Tena of Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) mentioned that data is needed as foundations for policy creation and intervention. Through this discussion, Mr. Thomas acknowledged that synergy between government of national and local level has not been achieved, particularly on data of health, local economy, and allocation of local budget in tackling the pandemic. Further, he also shared that MoHA will share description of needs and local needs will be used (mask creation). For the recovery stage, Mr. Thomas shared that MoHA highly supports local wisdom, decision-making that looks forward to the future needs, and release of data from one source.
City of Pangkal Pinang also shared their local efforts in facing the pandemic. Tight supervision was conducted as Pangkal Pinang is an island city with activities such as transportation of goods to meet local needs. Local government of Pangkal Pinang has also allocated 16% of its local budget to COVID-19 related efforts. In addition, the city’s local apparatus also initiated to donate their allowance for three months to help local people with basic needs.
Regency of Jember required visitors coming from red zone (infected area) to wear barcoded bracelet so they are quite visible when they are outside. There are also two options for them: 1) 14-day isolation or 2) not entering Jember. One of the efforts taken to optimise market is through online system. Traditional bike driver or online driver brought the vegetables to buyers based on order made beforehand. Currently, there is also collaboration with small and medium enterprises to produce 2 million pieces of masks. Social assistances are given to elderly living by themselves and people with vulnerable ages.
City of Bandar Lampung sprayed disinfectant to main roads, offices, public spaces, schools, hospitals. #WorkFromHome policy is applied but shifting is also applied for services such as one door integrated service (Pelayanan Terpadu Satu Pintu/PTSP). Local budget relocation is also conducted focusing on health, economy, and social aspect. For economy, the city provides stimulus to SMEs and give tax relief to restaurants, entertainment, and tourism. For health sector, some funds are allocated to buy personal protective equipment (masks, multivitamins). For social sector, the city secures some fund to provide rice for the needy, built posts in entrance gate of the city, data management and supply to central government.
Regency of Banyuwangi shared that they focus on managing and securing social aspect as well as economy. Distribution of social assistance is also conducted so that poverty level will not increase. There is also a dedicated website to check the latest update at corona.banyuwangikab.go.id. For distribution of basic needs package from national government, local government of Banyuwangi prioritises women with pregnancy and breastfeeding mothers. Local government also collaborates with SMEs to provide free food for workers of informal sector (trishaw and online drivers). Other social assistances provided also include education fund.
Similar challenge on data collection is also faced by city of Surakarta. This has impacted on the delay of tracking, limited supply of personal protective equipment, and delayed of SWAB test result.